The SHSP assists state, Tribal and local preparedness activities that address high-priority preparedness gaps across all core capabilities where a nexus to terrorism exists. All supported investments are based on capability targets and gaps identified during the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) process, and assessed in the State Preparedness Report (SPR).
The National Preparedness System is the instrument the Nation employs to build, sustain, and deliver core capabilities in order to achieve the National Preparedness Goal (the Goal) of a secure and resilient Nation. Complex and far-reaching threats and hazards require a collaborative and whole community approach to national preparedness that engages individuals, families, communities, private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and all levels of government. The guidance, programs, processes, and systems that support each component of the National Preparedness System allows for the integration of preparedness efforts that build, sustain, and deliver core capabilities and achieve the desired outcomes identified in the Goal. The purpose of the HSGP is to prevent terrorism and to prepare the Nation for the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk to the security of the United States; therefore, HSGP funded investments must have a terrorism-nexus.
To evaluate National progress in building, sustaining, and delivering the core capabilities outlined in the Goal, FEMA annually publishes the National Preparedness Report (NPR). Looking across all 31 core capabilities outlined in the Goal, the NPR provides a National perspective on critical preparedness trends for whole community partners to use to inform program priorities, allocate resources, and communicate with stakeholders about issues of shared concern.
Grantees are expected to consider National areas for improvement identified in the 2013 National Preparedness Report, which include cybersecurity, recovery-focused core capabilities, the integration of individuals with access and functional needs, enhancing the resilience of infrastructure systems, and maturing the role of public-private partnerships. Addressing these areas for improvement will enhance preparedness Nation-wide.
In addition, the Department of Homeland Security expects grantees to prioritize grant funding to address gaps identified through the annual SPR in achieving capability targets set through the annual THIRA. These assessments identify the jurisdictions’ capability targets and current ability to meet those targets. Grantees should prioritize grant funds to increase capability for high-priority core capabilities with low capability levels.
Awards made to the SAA for HSGP carry additional pass-through requirements. Pass-through is defined as an obligation on the part of the States to make funds available to local units of government, combinations of local units, or other specific groups or organizations. The State’s pass-through requirement must be met within 45 days of the award date for the HSGP. Four requirements must be met to pass-through grant funds:
The SAA must obligate at least 80 percent (80%) of the funds awarded under SHSP and UASI to local units of government within 45 days of receipt of the funds. For Puerto Rico, the SAA must also obligate at least 80 percent (80%) of the funds to local units of government within 45 days of receipt of the funds. No pass-through requirements will be applied to the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Any UASI funds retained by the SAA must be used to directly support the designated Urban Areas in the State. Under the SHSP, SAA may retain more than 20 percent (20%) of SHSP funding for expenditure made by the state on behalf of the local unit(s) of government. This may occur only with the written consent of the local unit of government, specifying the amount of funds to be retained and the intended use of funds. If a written consent agreement is already in place from previous fiscal years, DHS/ FEMA will continue to recognize it for FY 2015. If modifications to the existing agreement are necessary, the SAA should contact their assigned Headquarters Program Analyst.